Pros and Cons The advantages of essay performance appraisals are also its disadvantages in certain regards. The Essay Method of Performance Appraisal by Ruth Mayhew - Updated September 26, Employers use a variety of performance appraisal methods to support their overall performance management systems.
Appraisal Methods Essay Method In the essay method approach, the appraiser prepares a written statement about the employee being appraised. The statement usually concentrates on describing specific strengths and weaknesses in job performance.
These appraisals are not only used to eliminate behavior and productivity issues, but also to motivate employees to contribute more. This type of performance appraisal is generally suited to mid- to senior-level managers.
This contrasts sharply with methods where the appraisal criteria are rigidly defined. The techniques greatest advantage - freedom of expression - is also its greatest handicap.
An essay performance appraisal provides managers with an opportunity to evaluate their employees without the normal constraints of a highly-structured performance appraisal method. On the other hand, essay appraisals pose a challenge to managers with minimal skill levels in report-writing and delivering well-constructed assessments of employee performance.
Appraisers often find the essay technique more demanding than methods such as rating scales. The scores are meant to separate employees into tiers of performers, which can play a role in determining promotions and salary adjustments.
The appraiser is not locked into an appraisal system the limits expression or assumes that employee traits can be neatly dissected and scaled. Disadvantages Essay methods are time-consuming and difficult to administer. Preparation Managers preparing to write an essay appraisal spend time reviewing employee file materials, past performance appraisals and evaluations, attendance records, commendations, achievements and disciplinary records, if applicable.
The Essay evaluation method is a non-quantitative technique and highly subjective. However, an essay appraisal requires that managers allocate more time to analyzing records pertaining to past performance and comparing them to notes about current performance.
After identifying obvious changes, analyzing the underlying causes for changes is an essential step in constructing an essay-formatted performance appraisal. A graphic rating scale lists the traits each employee should have and rates workers on a numbered scale for each trait.
Appraisers may place whatever degree of emphasis on issues or attributes that they feel appropriate. Examples of appraisal methods include graphic ratings scales, degree evaluations, employee self-assessments and forced distribution. Narrative appraisals — which contain some assessments in essay format — have a similar format for each employee.
It allows behaviors to be quantified making appraisal system much easier. It permits the appraiser to examine almost any relevant issue or attribute of performance.
Managers who excel at writing essay performance appraisals are usually seasoned experts who enjoy good working relationships and excellent rapport with their employees.
Managers who write essays about employee performance assess virtually every aspect of the employee performance. The process is subjective and, in consequence, it is difficult to compare and contrast the results of individuals or to draw any broad conclusions about organizational needs.
It also suggests courses of action to remedy the identified problem areas. Essay performance appraisals are for use in addressing performance factors in the most comprehensive manner possible. An essay addresses with specificity any ups or downs in performance and the factors to which changes are attributed.
Essays include performance assessments concerning job knowledge and proficiency, developmental activities, interpersonal communication and business ethics and philosophy. Nevertheless, the construction of an essay appraisal requires clearly outlined thought processes, as well as well-written descriptions about employee performance, goals and progress.
Thus the process is open-ended and very flexible. Advantages The essay method is far less structured and confining than the rating scale method. While it provides a good deal of information about the employee, it takes a lot of time of the appraiser which is not always feasible. This technique is normally used with a combination of the graphic rating scale because the rater can present the scale in more detail by also giving an explanation for his rating.
The statement may be written and edited by the appraiser alone, or it be composed in collaboration with the appraisee. Essays differ from narrative performance appraisals. However, the scale has disadvantages that make it difficult to use as an effective management tool.Essay on The Performance Appraisal; Essay on The Performance Appraisal.
But the evaluation of of employees' job performance is vital human resources function and of critical importance to the organization.
In work organizations performance measurement typically takes place in the form of formal performance appraisals, which measure worker. Appraisal Methods Essay Method In the essay method approach, the appraiser prepares a written statement about the employee being appraised.
The statement usually concentrates on describing specific strengths and weaknesses in job performance. It also suggests courses of action to remedy the identified problem areas. Essay on Performance Appraisal Critique. Introduction Performance appraisal is a method which is increasingly used to evaluate employees to determine the degree to which they are performing effectively and encourage them to direct their energies towards organizational performance.
Performance Appraisals Essay. Performance Appraisal. Words | 18 Pages. In some organizations performance appraisal (PA) and performance management systems are treated as unnecesary or routine job. But the evaluation of of employees' job performance is vital human resources function and of critical importance to the organization.
In summary, the performance appraisal for a bus driver position it’s important for the evaluation of this position’ skills but also for the safety of passengers in their. Employers use a variety of performance appraisal methods to support their overall performance management systems.
Examples of appraisal methods include graphic ratings scales, degree evaluations, employee self-assessments and forced distribution.
Essay performance appraisals provide the best opportunity for.Download